Conditional or Ternary Operators in Java

The conditional operator is also known as the ternary operator. This operator consists of three operands and is used to evaluate Boolean expressions. When using a Java ternary construct, only one of the right-hand side expressions, i.e. either expression1 or expression2, is evaluated at runtime.Condition? expression1: expression2;

  • if condition is true, expression1 is executed.
  • And, if condition is false, expression2 is executed.

This Java program demonstrates the use of the conditional operator (also known as the ternary operator) ?:. The program defines two integer variables a and b with values of 45 and 35, respectively.

The program then uses the conditional operator ?: to check which of the two variables a and b is greater. If a is greater than b, the value of c is set to a. Otherwise, the value of c is set to b. Finally, the program prints the value of c as the greatest number among a and b. Since a is greater than b, the value of c is set to a, which is 45. Therefore, the program prints "The Greatest Number is : 45".

Source Code

public class Conditional {
    public static void main(String args[])
      //Conditional or Ternary Operators in Java  ?:
        int a=45,b=35,c;
        System.out.println("The Greatest Number is : "+c);


The Greatest Number is : 45
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Basic Programs